Termite biology and information about termites in the Mason and West Chester, Ohio area.

 

In the Mason, West Chester, Ohio area of the Ohio valley we live in a moderate to heavy termite pressure area. We typically have Eastern Subterranean Termites (Reticulitermes flavipes) which is the most common and widely distributed termite throughout North America. It occurs south of the line where the average annual minimum temperature is -22┬░ F

Swarmer about 3/8″ (10mm) long including wings. Body dark brown almost black. Wing is translucent (slightly milky) to slight smokey in color

Soldier head is rectangular in shape with a length about 1.5 times width. Mandibles lack teeth and with tips, especially left incurved about 70-90┬░.

Workers are slightly smaller than soldiers and spend most of their life foraging for food sources. They mark food sources with pheromone scent trail. Termites can enter a structure through cracks less than 1/16″ (1-2 mm) wide. If secondary moisture is available from a leaky pipe or roof a secondary colony can exist without ground contact
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Nymphs are all stages between egg and adult. During this timeframe they can shift and become either a supplementary reproductive to help support the colony, a soldier or a worker depending on what the colony needs.

Termite Shelter Tubes are typically 1/8-1/4″ wide and can become wider when multiple tubes are built together. The shelter tubes help the termites control the moisture in their environment, protect them from predators and provides support to the cellulose material the are consuming. When you take a small section of the tube out 1/2″ or so if it is active termites will be traveling along this highway back and forth. Workers will typically re-seal the area within a day to keep the food source active.